TRACE Matrix

TRACE Matrix®

The TRACE Matrix® measures business bribery risk in all countries. It assesses countries across four domains – Business Interactions with Government, Anti-bribery Laws and Enforcement, Government and Civil Service Transparency, and the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media – as well as nine sub-domains. Developed in collaboration with RAND Corporation, the TRACE Matrix provides the business community with a powerful tool for anti-bribery risk assessment. 

To learn more about the TRACE Matrix, download the reports below and view the press release announcement here.

Download a PDF of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for the TRACE Matrix here.

“Assessment of country risk is fundamental to developing an effective compliance program and risk-based due diligence procedures.”

Charles Duross, Partner at Morrison & Foerster LLP and former Deputy Chief in the Fraud Section in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice


“Access to an index focused on business bribery risk is a big step forward for the compliance community.”

William B. Jacobson, former Senior Vice President, Co-General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer of Weatherford International Ltd. and current Partner at Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP


2014 Results


TRACE Matrix Scale


Download a PNG image of this map here.

Full table (excluding subdomain scores) and rankings:

Although the resulting index can be used to rank countries by their composite scores, it is also possible to view the results for specific risk factors included in the composite score and identify what drives the overall score. This allows firms not only to identify where a country falls in terms of overall business bribery risk, but also to use the domain and subdomain scores to tailor their compliance practices appropriately.

Download a PDF of the below table here.



Rank Country
Risk Score
Domain 1: Interactions
with Government
Domain 2 : Anti-Bribery Laws and Enforcement Domain 3 : Governmental
and Civil Service Transparency
Domain 4 : Capacity for
Civil Society Oversight
1 Ireland
20 15 24 30 4
2 Canada
22 25 22 20 9
3 New Zealand
23 13 48 23 18
4 Hong Kong
23 4 51 27 30
5 Sweden
23 9 53 25 20
6 Finland
24 11 52 26 23
7 Singapore
26 1 54 37 35
8 Japan
26 33 17 6 10
9 Germany
27 28 31 33 1
10 United States of America
27 35 23 1 7
11 Georgia
27 17 24 19 39
12 Norway
28 21 52 32 16
13 Netherlands
29 20 55 29 21
14 France
29 32 38 27 14
15 Chile
30 33 30 20 25
16 Switzerland
31 22 52 37 19
17 Korea, Republic of
31 38 1 7 15
18 Lithuania
32 34 31 31 18
19 United Kingdom
32 27 47 33 25
20 Austria
32 29 49 30 23
21 Denmark
32 24 52 39 20
22 Estonia
33 20 58 39 26
23 Luxembourg
34 28 54 38 20
24 Iceland
35 23 52 47 22
25 Latvia
35 41 18 12 26
26 Belgium
36 31 47 46 18
27 Slovenia
38 35 50 41 28
28 Panama
38 23 48 48 44
29 Australia
39 39 51 42 20
30 United Arab Emirates
39 21 53 51 44
31 Poland
39 41 30 43 16
32 Portugal
40 34 51 47 28
33 Italy
41 44 14 39 17
34 Macedonia
41 41 27 27 44
35 South Africa
41 42 11 32 38
36 Spain
41 47 31 35 14
37 Bulgaria
42 48 17 24 25
38 Barbados
43 38 64 47 29
39 Peru
44 49 27 26 30
40 Israel
45 40 45 53 33
41 Thailand
45 43 32 47 45
42 Mauritius
46 35 47 56 43
43 Colombia
46 47 18 32 45
44 Uruguay
46 48 55 44 32
45 Hungary
46 46 31 52 25
46 Cyprus
46 48 54 47 32
47 Qatar
46 36 51 57 41
48 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
47 48 49 48 37
49 Vanuatu
47 49 34 35 45
50 Costa Rica
47 50 17 44 26
52 Czech Republic
47 56 24 32 14
53 Bahrain
48 43 53 51 48
54 Tonga
48 48 54 48 41
55 Marshall Islands
48 42 60 52 43
56 Slovakia
48 52 44 48 27
57 Liechtenstein
49 52 49 52 20
58 Croatia
49 48 52 53 37
59 Oman
49 41 56 54 52
60 Botswana
49 49 54 48 46
61 Grenada
50 52 53 51 32
62 Malaysia
50 17 26 70 63
63 Monaco
50 53 51 54 25
64 Seychelles
50 48 55 55 41
65 San Marino
50 51 51 56 31
66 Micronesia, Federated States of
50 49 48 54 44
67 Serbia
51 56 33 41 30
68 Antigua and Barbuda
51 53 46 51 36
69 Nicaragua
51 48 33 53 51
70 Turkey
51 41 21 57 54
71 Indonesia
51 57 25 24 43
72 Saudi Arabia
51 42 55 59 52
73 Montenegro
52 53 56 53 40
74 Belarus
52 42 12 60 50
75 Kiribati
52 48 50 57 46
76 Malta
52 56 51 50 29
77 Dominican Republic
52 52 48 53 47
78 Saint Kitts and Nevis
52 53 54 55 38
79 Brunei Darussalam
52 54 51 53 39
80 Puerto Rico
53 54 52 55 38
81 Bermuda
53 54 46 56 35
82 Palau
53 57 61 47 33
83 Romania
53 61 17 33 24
84 Guatemala
53 45 48 59 54
85 Ecuador
53 53 65 52 42
86 Rwanda
53 26 14 63 70
87 Armenia
54 58 52 33 51
88 Mexico
54 48 21 57 54
89 Dominica
54 57 51 53 36
90 Samoa
54 54 56 58 41
91 Aruba
55 53 49 60 46
92 Jordan
55 46 28 59 59
93 Bosnia and Herzegovina
55 57 52 56 42
94 Bolivia
55 56 16 46 51
95 Bahamas
56 60 54 56 31
96 French Polynesia
56 58 58 56 48
97 Faroe Islands
57 59 52 54 45
98 Namibia
57 57 19 59 37
99 Macau
57 60 49 58 35
100 Paraguay
57 58 44 51 56
101 Guyana
57 59 51 57 47
102 Sao Tome and Principe
57 58 53 57 54
103 Jamaica
58 59 51 62 36
104 Tunisia
58 55 50 64 49
105 Kosovo
58 65 18 26 47
106 Zambia
58 44 48 65 66
107 Morocco
58 48 41 70 52
108 Lesotho
59 52 48 60 63
109 Senegal
59 54 44 61 60
110 Fiji
59 59 51 61 48
111 Gambia
59 46 44 58 71
112 Cape Verde
59 61 57 60 47
113 Togo
59 56 55 57 63
114 Cuba
60 61 51 55 56
115 Turkmenistan
60 54 62 61 64
116 Saint Lucia
60 65 55 55 36
117 Albania
60 67 32 35 43
118 Belize
61 67 56 52 37
119 Bhutan
61 59 55 62 62
120 Papua New Guinea
61 63 50 55 56
121 Madagascar
61 55 46 64 64
122 El Salvador
62 60 47 69 44
123 Niger
62 51 51 60 72
124 Trinidad and Tobago
62 68 52 56 36
125 Solomon Islands
62 64 47 60 52
126 Greece
63 69 44 57 31
127 Maldives
63 65 56 63 49
128 Tuvalu
63 68 52 55 44
129 Honduras
63 66 59 56 55
130 Moldova, Republic of
64 70 10 49 35
131 Djibouti
64 48 50 65 76
132 Ukraine
64 69 52 53 49
133 Argentina
65 79 12 26 22
134 Russian Federation
65 73 27 39 43
135 Benin
65 61 57 70 64
136 Suriname
66 66 50 71 43
137 China
66 55 21 62 76
138 Lebanon
66 68 56 70 42
139 Mozambique
66 66 42 66 61
140 Azerbaijan
67 69 21 58 55
141 Kazakhstan
68 72 22 55 53
142 Mali
68 68 47 65 66
143 Swaziland
68 69 47 63 65
144 Ghana
68 70 20 71 37
145 Burkina Faso
69 56 34 83 60
146 Sri Lanka
69 59 50 82 56
147 Ethiopia
69 67 16 51 73
148 Guinea-Bissau
69 65 55 63 75
149 Brazil
69 77 54 52 42
150 Equatorial Guinea
69 64 53 73 70
151 Comoros
70 70 46 65 66
152 Philippines
70 75 39 50 59
153 Haiti
71 71 56 71 62
154 Timor-Leste
71 73 31 71 42
155 Tanzania, United Republic of
71 73 27 65 57
156 Mongolia
72 80 29 48 45
157 Iran, Islamic Republic of
72 74 54 71 57
158 Libya
72 78 52 67 42
159 Kenya
72 75 22 63 58
160 Cote d'Ivoire
73 74 44 67 65
161 Kyrgyzstan
73 76 31 42 71
162 Syrian Arab Republic
73 76 47 60 64
163 Afghanistan
73 73 49 59 75
164 Uganda
74 79 17 43 64
165 Nepal
74 77 37 65 59
166 Sudan
74 68 55 73 79
167 Gabon
74 81 45 57 49
168 Sierra Leone
74 65 17 82 69
169 Congo, Republic of the
75 80 47 61 56
170 Malawi
75 78 10 48 68
171 Egypt
75 71 19 82 59
172 Iraq
76 78 66 72 66
173 Pakistan
76 80 27 50 69
174 Lao PDR
76 78 51 66 71
175 Bangladesh
76 80 32 66 58
176 Zimbabwe
77 64 29 88 74
177 Kuwait
77 88 49 55 37
178 Venezuela
77 80 40 73 56
179 Liberia
77 82 19 62 57
180 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
79 75 45 68 85
181 Mauritania
79 83 48 69 62
182 Tajikistan
79 80 11 72 66
183 Algeria
79 82 30 79 49
184 Central African Republic
80 83 51 68 70
185 India
80 92 43 37 56
186 Eritrea
81 78 53 66 89
187 Cameroon
82 77 32 91 62
188 Viet Nam
82 61 31 100 82
189 South Sudan
83 92 61 62 56
190 Chad
84 86 55 76 76
191 Burundi
85 83 57 89 71
192 Guinea
86 93 50 64 69
193 Cambodia
89 84 61 98 77
194 Uzbekistan
92 100 51 72 63
195 Angola
94 93 61 99 73
196 Yemen
94 88 100 91 100
197 Nigeria
97 99 25 97 57
Additional Information:

The TRACE Matrix will be updated every other year. The 2016 TRACE Matrix will be released in November. 

For media/press inquiries, please contact us here


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